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The Home Inspection
There are many misconceptions as to what a home inspection is. A Home Inspection is a Visual, Non-Intrusive, Professional Opinion in regards to the Building and its systems on the Date performed. I provide this in a PDF report that includes recommendations, pictures and estimates when required.
Some common questions in regards to a Home Inspection are :
(Q) How long does the Inspection take ?
(A) The amount of time required depends on multiple items, the age of building, size of building, if the basement is finished, if there is a basement apartment ,the Location of property ,weather conditions. If you are a first time buyer or have specific concerns.With these facts I estimate the time required Onsite for each Inspection .A average time would be (3) hours.
(Q) How much does it cost ?
(A) The cost of a Home Inspection various with: age of building, size of building, if the basement is finished, if there is a basement apartment ,the Location of property ,weather conditions. If you are a first time buyer or have specific concerns. Estimated cost $400.00 plus taxes.
(Q) Can you Inspect at Night ?
(A) Inspections can and have been done at Night. Note :The concern would be this would a visual Inspection in the dark.
(Q) Should I buy this house ?
(A) As Your Home Inspector ,I can only provide information on the building to assist in this decision .
The " Septic System"
Or, On Site Sewage treatment. There are several types in use today, the most common still being the Class #4 Leeching Bed. “Without getting too technical”, Here is an overview of the process of this Septic System design. The system is made up of (1) Septic Tank (2) Leeching Bed. The process begins with the waste being either fluids and solids flowing into the Main drainage system within the house. It flows from the house into the Septic Tank, from the Septic Tank it flows into the Leeching Bed.
The Septic Tank
The most common tanks are made of concrete. Each should have an inlet, with baffle, an outlet, with a baffle (Newer systems have an Effluent Filter) access hatches (with risers as required) and a middle baffle. The baffles are commonly made of Concrete or PVC. Normally there are two (2) chambers in a "Septic Tank" Lets call them Inlet Chamber (Solids)and Outlet Chamber(Effluent).
The "Baffles” inside the tank are to assist in break down and control of waste. The inlet baffle located in the Inlet Chamber keeps the solids from overrunning the middle baffle, assists in breaking apart the waste as it enters the Inlet baffle area. It hits the baffle directly opposite the inlet, the waste then tumbles downwards causing it to break apart. As the solids rise to the top they fall apart slightly more. This is the start of the Bacteria breakdown process. The Inlet Chamber consists of three (3) layers (1) lower solid layer (2) middle liquid layer (3) upper solid layer. The lower layer is usually inactive and considered real waste. The middle layer is a were the waste water and solid that have broken down become Effluent. The upper level is where the Solid waste is broken down (Bacteria Action). The middle baffle is there for a couple of reasons (1) to provide structural support for Tank (2) to assist in keeping the Inlet (Solid waste) and Outlet (Effluent) separated inside the tank. The middle baffle is open at top and bottom so effluent can flow into the Outlet Chamber leaving the larger solid waste materials behind. The Outlet chamber should only contain Effluent. The Effluent leaves the Septic Tank through the Outlet Baffle. The Outlet Baffle’s main function is to reduce the risk of solids entering the Leeching Bed System. It does this by directing the flow of Effluent into the bottom of the Outlet Baffle via (pressure equalization) the Effluent flows from the Outlet to the Leeching Bed. (Newer or mediated systems may have an effluent filter to assist even further in Leeching Bed Protection)
The Leeching Bed
The Leeching Bed is made up of two main components (1) the distribution piping (2) the Bed. The Leeching Bed design begins with an on site evaluation of System Load (Daily Flow), existing soils, ground water level and distances from items like Wells, Lakes, Streams, Ponds, Lot Lines, Trees, etc. The Leeching Bed (size) is designed using a Daily Flow Chart. All this information is then used for The Septic Permit required for construction of the Septic System. It indicates the size of Bed, along with location and materials required the Leeching bed is constructed. Following this process allows for correct treatment of Effluent before it enters the earth and eventually the ground water.
Combines both a visual and intrusive process as follows; starting inside, recording the number of bedrooms, recording the appliances that discharge into the Septic System .(1) inspect the level of solids in Inlet and Outlet Chambers of Septic Tank (2) inspect the Inlet and Outlet baffles of Septic Tank (3) inspect for any signs of high Septic Tank levels (4) locate, uncover and examine a sample area of the Leeching Bed and (5) perform a Load Test (Flow test) (6) Evaluate the surrounding items that may have a impact of the Septic System (7) Provide a
PDF report with our observations, recommendations and pictures with estimates.
Our level of WETT Inspection
Level 1 Site basic: Performed to ensure code compliance for Insurance coverage.
Combines a visual and physical Inspection of the appliance, the chimney and its visible components.
Tools used in this process: Eyes, camera, tape measure and WETT Inspection forms.
A PDF version of the WETT report is provided.
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